Types of Braces

There are a number of braces of removable and fixed that are available to Orthodontists. Unfortunately there is no such thing as a magic brace hence that your Orthodontist will recommend the most appropriate brace for the type of treatment you require. The NHS will only provide metal fixed appliances however a full range of invisible, lingual and aesthetic braces and aligners are available for private patients.

Invisible Lingual Braces

We also offer lingual but we also offer the option to use clear smile discreet lingual braces which are capable of doing many simple tooth movements but may need aligners to complete.

Aesthetic Braces

Many patients do not want metal braces fixed to their teeth. 'Train-tracks' are very obvious, even from a distance, and there is an increasing demand for less conspicuous braces.

Aesthetic braces are usually fitted on the front teeth and side teeth only. Windmill Orthodontics use 3M Clarity Advance™ brackets.

Fixed Appliances

Fixed braces are made up of bands and brackets that are stuck onto the teeth. Straightening wires run between the various attachments and the teeth are moved with elastics and, sometimes, headgear or temporary anchorage devices (TADs).

The fixed attachments must not be removed by the patient. The length of treatment varies between 9 months and two years although complex cases may take longer.

Functional Appliances

Functional appliances are usually fitted to reduce the prominence of upper incisors and to improve the way the teeth bite together. They are use in growing children to try and influence the development of the jaws and face. Often they reduce the need for extractions to be undertaken.

Removable Appliances

Removable braces can only undertake simple tooth movements eg. expansion, tipping a tooth (or teeth) and reducing an overbite. They are not used too often in modern orthodontics. Removable brances are normally used as part of more complex treatment, with either fixed or functional appliances.

Useful brace information

Are braces painful?

No! ... but the braces may feel rough to the inside of your lips and cheeks for the first week. Soft wax is provided to ease this initial discomfort. Your teeth will be tender for a few days after each appointment and you may need to take mild pain killers as you would normally for a headache.

If your brace is broken you should phone the practice for an appointment to have it repaired.

It is very important to keep your teeth and gums clean and healthy during orthodontic treatment. Wearing an appliance makes this more difficult so we offer brace care kits to help you keep your mouth, teeth and gums healthy during orthodontic treatment.

Dos and Don’ts

    Do clean your teeth after every time you eat.
    Do use a fluoride mouthwash at least once a day – or you can swish around the toothpaste/water in your mouth for 30-60 seconds having cleaned your teeth before spitting out.
    Do avoid hard and sticky foods eg chewing gum, they may break the brace.
    Don’t eat too many sweets or fizzy drinks – keep nibbling/sweets to meal time.
    Don’t leave your brace broken – contact the practice to get it fixed, as soon as possible.
    Don’t loose your functional/removable brace – keep it safe in your mouth or in a brace box when playing sports etc.


Play button


Tooth brushing in action

Play button


Using disclosing tablets

Play button


Using Brace-Eze and Wax